According to HackerRank’s 2019 Developer Skills Report the most popular programming languages are as follows.
- Go (37.2%)
- Kotlin (26.5%)
- Python (26.1%)
- TypeScript (21.6%)
- R (21.4%)
- Scala (20.9%)
- Swift (20.7%)
- Rust (17.9%)
- Ruby (17.8%)
- Haskell (15.6%)
Let us get familiarised with these by one (Source Wikipedia)
“Go is on 1st rank on 10 Most popular Programming language to learn, developed at Google for mobile application development.”
Go is influenced by C, but with greater simplicity and safety.
Go, also known as Golang, is a statically typed, compiled programming language designed at Google by Robert Griesemer, Rob Pike, and Ken Thompson.
Go is syntactically similar to C, but with memory safety, garbage collection, structural typing, and CSP-style concurrency.
“Kotlin is a cross-platform, statically typed, general-purpose programming language with type inference & hence it Secured 2nd place in 10 Most popular Programming language to learn”
Kotlin is designed to interoperate fully with Java, and the JVM(Java Virtual Machine) version of its standard library depends on the Java Class Library, but type inference allows its syntax to be more concise.
Kotlin is sponsored by JetBrains and Google through the Kotlin Foundation.
Kotlin is officially supported by Google for mobile development on Android.
Since the release of Android Studio 3.0 in October 2017, Kotlin is included as an alternative to the standard Java compiler.
The Android Kotlin compiler lets the user choose between targeting Java 6 or Java 8 compatible bytecode.
Kotlin has been Google’s preferred language for Android app development since 7 May 2019.
” While Python is on 3rd rank in the list of 10 Most popular Programming language to learn but still it is First Choice of Machine Learning & Artificial Programmers”
Python is an interpreted, high-level, general-purpose programming language. Created by Guido van Rossum and first released in 1991,
Python’s design philosophy emphasizes code readability with its notable use of significant whitespace.
Its language constructs and object-oriented approach aim to help programmers write clear, logical code for small and large-scale projects.
Python is dynamically typed and garbage-collected.
It supports multiple programming paradigms, including procedural, object-oriented, and functional programming. Python is often described as a “batteries included” language due to its comprehensive standard library.
“For Microsoft OS Application development but you must try Microsoft Typescript the All and All 4th Rank holder in the list of 10 Most popular Programming language to learn”
Microsoft TypeScript is an open-source programming language developed and maintained by Microsoft.
“R secures its name in Top-5 of the 10 Most Popular Programming language to learn, and it is very much useful for those programmers who want to make a career in Statistical Computing”
R is a programming language and free software environment for statistical computing and graphics supported by the R Foundation for Statistical Computing.
The R language is widely used among statisticians and data miners for developing statistical software and data analysis.
Polls, data mining surveys, and studies of scholarly literature databases show substantial increases in popularity.
As of June 2019, R ranks 22nd in the TIOBE index, a measure of the popularity of programming languages.
“if you find java as much syntactical then Scala is for you which is on 6th Rank in the list of 10 Most popular Programming language to learn”
Scala runs on the Java platform (Java virtual machine) and is compatible with existing Java programs.
Android applications are typically written in Java and translated from Java bytecode into Dalvik bytecode (which may be further translated to native machine code during installation).
When packaged, Scala’s Java compatibility makes it well-suited to Android development, more so when a functional approach is preferred.
“Want to make your career at Apple Inc. or If you want to develop applications for Apple device OS then Swift is for you at 7th Rank in the list of 10 Most popular Programming language to learn.”
Swift is a general-purpose, multi-paradigm, compiled programming language developed by Apple Inc. for iOS, macOS, watchOS, tvOS, Linux, and z/OS.
Swift is designed to work with Apple’s Cocoa and Cocoa Touch frameworks and the large body of existing Objective-C code written for Apple products.
It is built with the open-source LLVM compiler framework and has been included in Xcode since version 6, released in 2014. On Apple platforms, it uses the Objective-C runtime library which allows C, Objective-C, C++, and Swift code to run within one program.
“Rust is on 8th Rank in the list of 10 Most popular Programming language to learn and it for those programmers who want work upon security and safety systems”
Rust is a multi-paradigm system programming language focused on safety, especially safe concurrency.
Rust is syntactically similar to C++, but is designed to provide better memory safety while maintaining high performance.
Rust was originally designed by Graydon Hoare at Mozilla Research, with contributions from Dave Herman, Brendan Eich, and others.
The designers refined the language while writing the Servo layout or browser engine and the Rust compiler.
The compiler is free and open-source software dual-licensed under the MIT License and Apache License 2.0.
“Ruby is at the 9th Rank of 10 Most popular Programming language to learn and it is influenced by Perl, Smalltalk, and other Similar languages”
Ruby is an interpreted, high-level, general-purpose programming language.
It was designed and developed in the mid-1990s by Yukihiro “Matz” Matsumoto in Japan.
Ruby is dynamically typed and garbage-collected.
It supports multiple programming paradigms, including procedural, object-oriented, and functional programming.
According to the creator, Ruby was influenced by Perl, Smalltalk, Eiffel, Ada, Basic, and Lisp.
“An at Last but not the Least Haskell is at 10th Rank in the list of 10 Most popular Programming language to learn widely used at Academics & Industry.”
Haskell is a statically typed, purely functional programming language with type inference and lazy evaluation.
Type classes, which enable type-safe operator overloading, originated in Haskell.
Its main implementation is the Glasgow Haskell Compiler. It is named after logician Haskell Curry.
Haskell is based on the semantics, but not the syntax, of the Miranda programming language, which served to focus the efforts of the initial Haskell working group.
Haskell is used widely in academia and industry.
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